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Microwave Functions and Types

IMG_7187What is a Microwave Oven?

  • A Microwave Oven is a kitchen appliance that heats food by blasting it with electromagnetic radiation
  • A microwave oven does not involve use of any heat or fire but it uses electromagnetic waves to heat the food materials
  • A microwave oven heats food very quickly and efficiently. So microwave cooking enables us to finish our cooking in lesser time

Basic Microwave Functions

The three basic functions a microwave can perform is cook,grill and bake


The microwave function includes cooking which can be auto cook or manual cook, re-heating, defrosting frozen food.


The grill function includes grilling meat and vegetables


The convection function includes baking anything like cakes, breads, pizzas. Cookies and everything

Types of Microwave Ovens

The types include:

  • Solo microwave oven
  • Grill microwave oven
  • Convection microwave oven
  • OTG (Oven Toaster Grill)

Solo Microwave Oven:

A solo microwave oven is a basic microwave oven. It uses microwave energy to heat and cook food


The price is very cheap and it is widely available
It can be used to cook, reheat and defrosting frozen food


It has a limited functionality and it can’t be used to do other functions

Grill Microwave Oven:

A grill microwave oven is a solo microwave equipped with heating coils and can be used to grill, toast or roast food.
Grilling can be combined with microwave or convection to cook different kinds of food


It can be used to cook,defrost.reheat and grill cottage cheese,meat and vegetables


It can be used for grilling but not for baking

Convection Microwave Oven

A convection microwave uses a combination of the two technologies: a regular microwave and a convection oven

It can be used to bake anything. It does this by using a fan and a heating element to circulate hot air uniformly in the microwave


It can be used to heat,cook,grill,defrost and bake

OTG(Oven Toaster Griller):

An Oven Toaster Griller (OTG) can reheat, keep warm, grill,barbecue and bake food items.

It has heating coils on the ceiling and the roof of the oven. This heating element converts electric energy into heat to create high temperature at which the food bakes.

An OTG is a baker’s delight- you can bake crisp cookies, spongy brown muffins and homemade cakes to perfection using an OTG

Difference between Convection Microwave ovens and OTG

Convection Microwave Oven:

  • It heats up very fast and cooks food faster
  • It takes less electricity consumption
  • The price of the oven is more compared to OTG
  • A convection oven does not bake as good as an OTG
  • Here we can use glass, ceramic and silicon
  • We cannot use metallic containers
  • Here Auto cook options are available


  • It takes more time to heat and takes more time to cook food
  • It takes more electricity consumption
  • The price of the oven is less compared to convection oven
  • OTG is better for baking than convection oven and we can get crisper food with an even browning
  • We can use glass, ceramic, silicone and metal
  • Here Auto cook options are not available

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